How to correct mistake(s) made in Income tax return?

What is a revised return?
Revised return allows you to rectify the error or omission of facts made at the time of filing your original ITR. Filing a revised return simply means filing your return again but this time with the correct information. When filing a revised return you need to mention details of the original return.

Who can file it?
Every assessee who has filed his/her ITR is entitled to revise it under section 139(5) to provide correct information to the tax department. Earlier, only those taxpayers who had filed ITR before the expiry of the deadline were allowed to revise their returns. Taxpayers who had filed belated returns, i.e., after the expiry of original deadline to file ITR were not allowed to revise it. However, now, even belated returns now be revised.

What is the Last date to file revised ITR?
Earlier, tax laws allowed taxpayers to file revised return till one year after the expiry of the assessment year. This meant that taxpayers had two years from the end of the relevant financial year (the FY for which the return was filed) to correct the mistake and file a revised return. But the time limit to file a revised ITR was reduced last year

Starting from last year, the time limit to revise the ITR has been reduced. According to current income tax laws, you now only have time till the completion of the relevant assessment year to rectify your mistake. Thus, once you have filed ITR for FY 2018-19, you have time till March 31, 2020 to correct your mistake, if any.

How to file revised ITR?
The process of filing a revised ITR is the same as filing an original one. However, while filing a revised ITR, you are required to file it under section 139(5) of the Income-tax Act. You are required to select option ’17 – Revised u/s 139(5)’ in the ‘return filed under’ column. The ITR form will additionally ask you for details of the original ITR, i.e. receipt number and date of filing of original ITR.

How many times you can file a revised return?
There is no limit for the number of times you can file a revised return. Remember, every time you file a revised return, you are required to provide details of your original ITR. Revising your tax return is a chance for you to rectify your mistake, but one should avoid misuse of this facility and ensure utmost care while filing the original tax return.

Things to remember
Once you have filed your revised ITR, ensure that you have verified the same. The income tax department will not accept your revised tax return, unless it is verified by you. To verify your revised income tax return, you can use any of the 6 methods available to verify your ITR, i.e., e-verification by using electronic methods such as Aadhaar, OTP, EVC through net-banking or via physical verification by sending signed copy of ITR-V (Acknowledgement Receipt) to CPC, Bangalore.

Once the scrutiny assessment of your ITR is completed under section 143(3) of the Income-tax Act by the assessing officer, then you cannot file a revised return.

As a taxpayer you must remember that the deadline to rectify the mistake in your tax return and to file belated return is same, i.e. March 31st of the relevant assessment year. Therefore, if you file a belated return on March 31st, 2020 for the FY 2018-19 (AY 2019-20) you will miss out the chance to rectify the mistake done by you, if any, in your ITR.

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